domingo, 19 de junho de 2011

FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM -NFPA

NFPA members can download free PDF* copies of selected One-Stop Data Shop reports. All reports and packages are also available for sale in bound, photocopy format. NFPA members receive a 10% discount off the cover price. To order any report(s), e-mail Paula Levesque or call +1 617 984-7443.
U.S. Experience with SprinklersJohn R. Hall, Jr., May 2011. 92 pages.
Includes statistics on how often sprinklers are reported in fires, by property use, and their estimated impact in reducing the average loss of life and property per fire. Includes statistics on performance, usage and reliability of sprinklers, as well as leading reasons when system fail to operate or operate but are ineffective. Also includes special study statistics on non-fire sprinkler activations.
All visitors: Download this report. (PDF, 337 KB).
All visitors: Download the executive summary for this report. (PDF, 72 KB)
All visitors: Download a printable fact sheet on sprinklers. (PDF, 72 KB) 
U.S. Experience with Non-Water-Based Automatic Fire Extinguishing EquipmentJohn R. Hall, Jr., May 2011. 27 pages
Includes statistics on usage and performance of non-water-based automatic extinguishing systems, principally wet or dry chemical systems, including how often they are reported in fires, overall and by major property use reporting their presence, as well as statistics on estimated reliability and effectiveness, as well as leading reasons when systems fail to operate or operate but are ineffective.
All visitors: Download this report. (PDF, 216 KB)
All visitors: Download the executive summary for this report. (PDF, 128 KB)
Smoke Alarms in U.S. Home Fires
Marty Ahrens September 2009
Cost: $25.00 (free to the fire service). 95 pages. Order # USS04.
Report includes statistics on home smoke alarm usage, effectiveness, operationality, and home fire fatalities in fires with and without working smoke alarms.  Also includes home fire death rate with different combinations of fire protection equipment.  Brief discussion of literature on audibility and waking effectiveness.
Abstract: Almost all households in the U.S. have at least one smoke alarm, yet in 2003-2006, smoke alarms were present in only two-thirds (69%) of all reported home fires  and operated in just under half (47%) of the reported home fires. (“Homes” includes one- and two-family homes, apartments, and manufactured housing.)  Forty percent of all home fire deaths resulted from fires in homes with no smoke alarms, while 23% resulted from homes in which smoke alarms were present but did not operate. The death rate per 100 reported fires was twice as high in homes without a working smoke alarm as it was in home fires with this protection. Hardwired smoke alarms are more reliable than those powered solely by batteries.
These estimates are based on data from the U.S. Fire Administration’s (USFA’s) National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) and the National Fire Protection Association’s (NFPA’s) annual fire department experience survey.
All visitors: Download this report. (PDF, 434 KB)
All visitors: Download the executive summary for this report. (PDF, 140 KB)
All visitors: Download a fact sheet on smoke alarms in reported U.S. home fires. (PDF, 94 KB)
Also available: Smoke Alarm Presence and Performance in U.S. Home Fires an article by Marty Ahrens, NFPA, October 2010. This article was published online by Fire Technology on October 23, 2010. The final publication is available online. 
All visitors: Download this article. (PDF, 485 KB)

Nenhum comentário:

Postar um comentário